What is CBD oil; how is it made and what benefits does it have? Find out everything you need to know about CBD oil in this guide.
CBD oil is often and commonly known as cannabis oil. It derives from the cannabis sativa plant and is processed using natural methods to extract particular chemical compounds (known as cannabinoids) that are found within. What transforms a cannabis extract into CBD oil, as opposed to other cannabis oil types such as hemp oil, is the prominent amount of cannabidiol (CBD) present in comparison to delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and over 60 other compounds.
THC is the active substance in cannabis that produces the mind-altering ‘high’ that is associated with recreational cannabis use. CBD, on the other hand, does not have this effect. CBD does not make you high. The ratio of CBD to THC in CBD oils mean they’re a great alternative to THC-heavier cannabis oils, which may not be desirable for people looking for the purported benefits of cannabis extracts – such as pain relief – without the associated psychoactive effects of THC. This is why CBD oil is such a popular choice for relief from pain, anxiety, depression and other problems.
In the UK, CBD oil is legal. The legally regulated and sold oil always contains less than 0.05% THC, making it appropriate for regular consumption. The levels of CBD in a product can range from low to high concentrations depending on what you are looking for. The Natural Hemp Company have a huge range of products. Our CBD balm has some of the lower concentrations of CBD, with drops, paste and crystals all increasing in concentration. The concentrations of all active substances are highly controlled in CBD oils to ensure the correct calculation of doses in both medical and nutritional contexts.
What is CBD Oil Used For?
CBD is used in both nutritional and medicinal contexts as it has a variety of beneficial effects on the body. It began as an alternative medicine (as cannabis derivatives have been for thousands of years), becoming a subject of stringent medical research and now cannabidiol is a popular and sought-after substance for a range of reported – and, in more and more cases, scientifically supported – benefits.
CBD Oil in Medicine
CBD is being explored and, in many countries across Europe and the world, endorsed for its range of medical benefits. This is partly due to how the extract has an anticonvulsant effect; there is evidence that CBD is beneficial for treatment resistant epilepsy (TRE), which affects 30% of people with epilepsy. This includes the use of CBD oil for children with Dravet Syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome, both of which are forms of epilepsy that begin in early childhood. Studies within the emergent field of medical marijuana research have also looked into the effects of CBD on other conditions such as:
Cancer: according to a 2013 study, cannabinoids are well-known to combat “cancer cell migration, adhesion, invasion and metastasization” in several cancer types and, as we’ve mentioned, CBD has the additional benefit of not causing psychoactive side-effects.
Heart Disease: research has found that CBD also has benefits for the cardiovascular system, causing vasorelaxation on isolated arteries and protecting against vascular damage in rodents.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS): Savitex (a prescribed oral spray), which contains THC and CBD, has been studied in relation to improved muscle relaxation and subsequent spasticity in MS patients.
Arthritis: Savitex has also been found to have “produced statistically significant improvements in pain on movement, pain at rest, quality of sleep” in patients with arthritis. The study used a placebo to retain the highest levels of accurate data.
Psychiatric Disorders such as anxiety, depression and schizophrenia. Multiple clinical studies have shown that CBD can relieve anxiety symptoms, address psychotic symptoms in humans and other animals, and decreases depressive symptoms in mice.
Outside of medical research and practice, CBD oils and related products are used by many as alternative and natural remedies for a variety of ailments and conditions, including those listed above. Of course, more research is required to properly determine the medical benefits of CBD, but initial studies are showing positive and promising results for a range of health and wellbeing applications. Choosing to build CBD oil into your health routine could bring you a host of benefits.
CBD Oil as a Nutritional Supplement
CBD oil is also a popular nutritional supplement that is rich in vitamins and fatty acids including omega 3’s, which are great for relieving joint pain and lowering levels of inflammation. Common CBD supplements include drops – which can be added to a smoothie or salad, for example – and capsules.
CBD oil is particularly popular with vegans and vegetarians as an alternative to fish oil supplements, as it contains no animal products or byproducts. High-quality CBD supplements are blended with organic ingredients such as olive oil, coconut oil, and cocoa butter, which also improve the taste and consistency of the oil.
What Does CBD Oil Do?
How does CBD work within the body and what happens? CBD, as with all types of cannabinoid, attaches itself to particular bodily receptors, many of which reside in the brain. The body in fact produces its own cannabinoids (endocannabinoids) and has two types of cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2. This is why foreign cannabinoids such as cannabidiol (CBD) and THC can have effects in humans (as well as other animals such as rats and mice). CBD and THC produce different effects because they interact with these receptors in different ways. THC attaches to CB1 receptors, whereas research suggests that CBD encourages the body to using its own natural cannabinoids instead of attaching to the receptors itself.
The Effects of CBD Oil in the Body
The CBD compound stimulates many biochemical pathways in the brain and other areas of the body. This means it can have a wide range of effects, which is perhaps why it has associated benefits for a massive range of disorders and ailments. For example, as well as being anti-convulsive, CBD has anti-inflammatory effects; a study has found that CBD helps with pain relief in rodents by suppressing inflammatory and neuropathic pain, showing potential for arthritis and other chronic pain disorders. It also increases levels of the neurotransmitter serotonin and molecule anandamide, which are both associated with depression and anxiety. These are just a few aspects that make CBD an attractive prospect for continued medical research.
How is CBD Oil Made?
The CBD extracts used for medical purposes most commonly come from hemp, the least processed of the cannabis plants. Both hemp and marijuana come from cannabis sativa, but marijuana plants have been more heavily modified for higher levels of THC. Some hemp sources are more naturally rich in CBD than others, so it’s important for suppliers to choose the right strains to make the purest CBD oils and products. All our Pharma Hemp products have been made with the highest care to ensure the best.
In some cases, CBD oil creation involves the whole plant; in others, a CBD-pure isolate is the base for the resulting oil. The two main methods used to extract the oil are:
Alcohol extraction: soaking the hemp plant in a solvent (commonly ethanol) draws out CBD and other cannabinoids. By evaporating the solvent, only the CBD oil remains.
CO2 extraction: This is a more involved and complex process than alcohol extraction. This involves extracting CBD oil by forcing CO2 through the plant in a series of chambers, which control pressure and temperature. The chambers separate and capture all the cannabinoids drawn out of the hemp, for a highly pure CBD extract.
From here, producers can flavour and/or dilute the potency of the CBD oil to create a range of products, including drops and capsules, but also pastes, vaping e-liquids, crystals, and balms.
Our products are created using CO2 extraction, which creates the more superior product. Look out for the green CO2 stamp on all our product pages!
What is the Difference Between Hemp Oil and CBD Oil?
Though it is extracted from the hemp plant, CBD oil is markedly different to hemp oil, which is used to make biodiesel fuel, eco-friendly paints, beauty products, and in cooking. Hemp oil is extracted from the seeds of hemp plants, whereas CBD oil comes from the flowers, leaves and stalks of hemp. Hemp oil contains a lot less CBD than CBD oil does, so it has much less medical value in comparison to the purer CBD oil variant.
Purchasing CBD Oil Online
It’s easy to purchase CBD oil in a variety of strengths and forms online in the UK, including our very own online shop at Natural Hemp Co. See our extensive list of products to find the right CBD oil supplement for you from our range of organic, GMO free and vegan-friendly CBD oil drops, pastes, vapes, and balms.